Chinese Exclusion Act
The 1882 federal law that suspended the immigration of Chinese laborers for ten years and rendered them ineligible for citizenship. A series…
A White, Boston, Massachusetts born attorney, abolitionist, U.S. Senator, Radical Republican leader and author of the nation's first Civil…
A formerly enslaved South Carolina man, Union Army officer, Congressman (R-SC) and businessman. Known for commandeering a Confederate…
A federal agency that was created to provide aid to displaced Southerners, including newly freed people, during and after the Civil War.…
A White, Pennsylvania-born abolitionist, missionary, educator, and physician who helped cofound the Penn School (one of the first for the…
Snake River Massacre (1887)
Details concerning the lynching of Chinese gold miner immigrants in Snake River/Hells Canyon, Oregon in 1887.
Forty Acres and a Mule
An unrealized promise included in Union General William Tecumseh Sherman’s Special Field Order No. 15 (January 16, 1865) that allotted land…
Charlotte Forten Grimke
A free-born Pennsylvania abolitionist, writer, storyteller, poet and teacher. Recruited to teach newly freed people in the Port Royal…
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