A federal agency that was created to provide aid to displaced Southerners, including newly freed people, during and after the Civil War.…
Charlotte Forten Grimke
A free-born Pennsylvania abolitionist, writer, storyteller, poet and teacher. Recruited to teach newly freed people in the Port Royal…
Forty Acres and a Mule
An unrealized promise included in Union General William Tecumseh Sherman’s Special Field Order No. 15 (January 16, 1865) that allotted land…
A White, Pennsylvania-born abolitionist, missionary, educator, and physician who helped cofound the Penn School (one of the first for the…
A White, Boston, Massachusetts born attorney, abolitionist, U.S. Senator, Radical Republican leader and author of the nation's first Civil…
Chinese Exclusion Act
The 1882 federal law that suspended the immigration of Chinese laborers for ten years and rendered them ineligible for citizenship. A series…
A formerly enslaved South Carolina man, Union Army officer, Congressman (R-SC) and businessman. Known for commandeering a Confederate…
Snake River Massacre (1887)
Details concerning the lynching of Chinese gold miner immigrants in Snake River/Hells Canyon, Oregon in 1887.
Subscribe to our monthly teacher newsletter to learn more about the Reconstruction Era and receive news on upcoming teacher training opportunities.